Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Plexuses
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
The hypogastric branch may supply the pyramidalis muscle and may be joined with the twelfth thoracic nerve.
The iliohypogastric nerve is sometimes derived from the twelfth thoracic nerve and may also receive a root from the eleventh thoracic nerve.
Bardeen, C.R. (1901-02) A statistical study of the abdominal and border nerves in man. Am. J. Anat. 1:203-228.
Bardeen, C.R. (1906-07) Development and variation of the nerves and the musculature of the inferior extremity and of the neighboring regions of the trunk in man. Am. J. Anat. 6:259-390.
Jamieson, E.B., Swigart, LaV.L. and B.J. Anson. (1952) Points of parietal perforation of the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves in relation to optimal sites for local anesthesia. Q. Bull. Northwestern University Medical School 26:22-26.
Papadopoulos, N.J. and E.D. Katritsis. (1981) Some observations on the course and relations of the iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal nerves (based on 348 specimens). Anat. Anzeiger 149:357-364.
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