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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Cranial Nerves and Ganglia: Lingual Nerve

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Cranial Nerves and Ganglia

Lingual Nerve

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

A minute sublingual ganglion has been described arising from the lingual nerve or submandibular ganglion (a ganglion of the facial nerve carried by the lingual nerve) supplying the sublingual gland.

This nerve may pierce the lateral pterygoid rather than passing between the two pterygoid muscles.

It occasionally provides motor branches to the medial and lateral pterygoids and to the palatoglossus muscles.


Fitzgerald, M.J.T. and M.E. Law. (1958) The peripheral connexions between the lingual and hypoglossal nerves. J Anat. 92:178-188.

Frank, E. (1956) Zwei Sonderfälle des Nervus lingualis. Anat. Anz. 103:187-191.

Kido, S. and K. Kameda. (1940) über die Ursprungeweise des N. mylo hyoideus und die Anastomosenbildung zwischen dem N. alveolaris mandibularis und dem N. lingualis. Folia Anat. Jpn. 19:597-605.

Racz, L. and T. Maros. (1981) The anatomic variants of the lingual nerve in man. Anat. Anz. 149:64-71.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce., Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

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