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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Fissures and Sulci: Olfactory Sulcus

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Fissures and Sulci

Olfactory Sulcus

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


This sulcus usually bends medially at its rostral extremity, but it occasionally bends laterally. Its caudal extremity usually forks: the medial branch is short, while the lateral is usually long and bends anteriorly to hook around or anastomose with the posterior orbital sulcus.


References

Chi, T.K. and C. Chang. (1941) The sulcal pattern of the Chinese brain. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 28:167-207.

Connolly, C.J. (1941) The fissural pattern in the brain of Negroes and Whites. The frontal lobe. Am. J. Physiol. Anthrop. 28:133-165.

Connolly, C.J. (1942) The fissural pattern in the brain of Negroes and Whites. The parietal and temporal lobes. Am. J. Physiol. Anthrop. 29:225-265.

Cunningham, D.J. (1890) The fissure of Rolando. J. Anat. Physiol. 25:1-23.

Debierre, C. (1891) Sur les anomalies des circonvolutions du cervéau de l'homme. Duplicilé de la sissure de Rolando, absence de la scissure de Rolando. Soc. Biol. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances et Mémoires. 43:369-372.

Gerlach, E.J. and H. Weber. (1929) über ein menschliches Gehirn mit beiderseitger Verdoppelung der Zentralfurche. Anat. Anz. 67:440-452.

Leggiardi-Laura, C. (1901) Sur la signification de la "duplicité de la scissure de Rolando" et sur un rapport constant de la scissure post-rolandique. Arch. Ital. Biol. 36:355.

Linell, E.A. and B.M. Koster. (1924) A developmental anomaly of the cerebral cortex. Arch. Neurol. Psychiatry 12:167-172.

Sergi, S. (1911) Variations de developpement du lobe frontal chez l'homme. Arch. Ital. Biol. 55:138-139.

Sperino, G. (1901) Decrizione morfologica dell'encefalo del Prof. Carlo Giacomini. Int. Monatsschrift. Anatomie and Physiology 18:313-386.

Thompson, R.B. (1911-12) Complete unilateral interruption of the fissure of Rolando. J. Anat. Physiol. 45:433-437.

Tricomi, G. (1902) Deux cas de duplicité du sulcus Rolandi. Arch. Ital. Biol. 37:490.

Waterson, D. (1907) Complete bilateral interruption of the fissure of Rolando. J. Anat. Physiol. 41:143-146.

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