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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Cranial Nerves and Ganglia: Pharyngeal Plexus

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Cranial Nerves and Ganglia

Pharyngeal Plexus

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The pharyngeal plexus, formed by the pharyngeal branches of the vagus and glossopharyngeal nerves and branches from the superior cervical ganglion, has been reported to give a slender branch, the middle laryngeal nerve. It supplies the cricothyroid muscle, then pierces the cricothyroid membrane to supply the mucous membrane of the lower part of the larynx.


Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed. The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen., von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traité d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed. G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Schaefer, A.E., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce., Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomie, 11th ed., Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

Vogel, P.H. (1952) The innervation of the larynx of man and the dog. Am. J. Anat. 90:427-440.

Williams, A.F. (1951) The nerve supply of the laryngeal muscles. J. Laryngeol. 65:343-348.

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