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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Plexuses: Posterior Interosseous Nerve

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Plexuses

Posterior Interosseous Nerve

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The posterior interosseous nerve may pass over instead of perforating the supinator muscle. It may supply the anconeus muscle, extensor carpi radialis brevis (36% of cases), and the opposed surfaces of the middle and index fingers. The posterior and anterior interosseous nerves sometimes communicate.

References

Anson, B.J., Ed., (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed. The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Munich and Baltimore.

Dankmeijer, J. and J.M. Waltman. (1950) Sur l'innervation de la face dorsale des doigts humains. Acta Anat. 10:377-384.

Henle, J. (1868) Hanbuch der Systematischen Anatomie, 11th ed., von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Kosinski, C. (1927) L'innervation cutanée de la face dorsale de la main, basée sur l'examen de 300 pièces anatomiques, avec quelques notions d'anatomie comparée. Assoc. Anatomistes Comptes Rendus 22:121-133.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traité d'Anatomie Humain, 9th ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Linell, E.A. (1921) The distribution of nerves in the upper limb, with reference to variabilites and their clinical significance. J. Anat. 55:79-112.

Miller, M.R., Ralston, H.J. III. and M. Kasahara. (1958) The pattern of cutaneous innervation of the human hand. Am. J. Anat. 102:183-217.

Roles, N.C. and R.H. Maudsley. (1972) Radial tunnel syndrome. J. Bone Joint Surg (Br) 54:499-508.

Salsbury, C.R. (1938-39) The nerve to the extensor carpi radialis brevis. Br. J. Surg. 26:95-97.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce, Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

Stopford, J.S.B. (1919) The variations in distribution of the cutaneous nerves of the hand and digits. J. Anat. 53:14-25.

Sunderland, S. (1945) The intraneural topography of the radial, median, and ulnar nerves. Brain 68:243-298.

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