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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Sympathetic Division: Superior Cervical Ganglion

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Sympathetic Division

Superior Cervical Ganglion

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The superior cervical ganglion may be doubled, with one part superficial to and the other posterior to the carotid sheath.

A variable number of fibers from the superior ganglion join the inferior ganglion of the vagus, hypoglossal, and descendens cervicalis nerves. Ganglion cells, intermingled with nerve fibers from the sympathetic trunk, have been reported within the cranium.


References

Cruveilhier, J. (1851) Traité d'Anatomie Descriptive, 3rd ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Baunschweig.

Jackson, C.M., Ed. (1933) Morris' Human Anatomy, 9th ed., P. Blakiston's Son & Co., Inc., Philadelphia.

Jamieson, R.W., Smith, D.B. and B.J. Anson. (1952) The cervical sympathetic ganglia. An anatomical study of 100 cervicothoracic dissections. Q. Bull. Northwestern University Medical School. 26:219-227.

Kopsch, F. (1908) Rauber's Lehrbuch der Anatomie des Menschen. Georg Thieme, Leipzig.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traité d'Anatomie Humain, 9th ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Monteiro, H. and A. Rodrigues. (1931) Sur les variations du nerf vertebral. Assoc. Anatomistes Comptes Rendus. 26:406-419.

Rodrigues, A. (1930) Le descendens cervicalis chez l'homme et chez les mammifères (quelques notes sur son évolution phylogénique). Assoc Anatomistes Comptes Rendus 25:267-282.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce., Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

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