Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Plexuses
Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
In 50% of cases studied, the twelfth thoracic participates in the lumbosacral plexus.
Bardeen, C.R. (1901-02) A statistical study of the abdominal and border nerves in man. Am. J. Anat. 1:203-228.
Bardeen, C.R. (1906-07) Development and variation of the nerves and the musculature of the inferior extremity and of the neighboring regions of the trunk in man. Am. J. Anat. 6:259-390.
Bardeen, C.R. and A.W. Elting. (1901) A statistical study of the variations in the formation and position of the lumbo-sacral plexus in man. Anat. Rec. 19:124-128.
Griffin, M. (1891) Some varieties of the last dorsal and the first lunbar nerves. J. Anat. Physiol. 26:48-55.
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