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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 1. Head and Neck

Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section: Section 1. Head and Neck

Plate 1.11

Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Jean J. Jew, M.D., and Paul C. Reimann, B.S.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed

Plate 1.11

Upper Left Quadrant

Lower Left Quadrant

Lower Right Quadrant

Upper Right Quadrant

1. Anterior cerebral a., brs.
2. Third ventricle
3. Interpeduncular fossa
4. Head of caudate nucleus
5. Putamen
6. Optic tract
7. External capsule
8. Insula cortex (island of Reil)
9. Extreme capsule
10. Lateral (sylvian) fissure
11. Cerebral peduncle
12. Substantia nigra

13. Hippocampus
14. Parahippocampal gyrus
15. Lambdoid suture
16. Superior cerebellar a.
17. Cerebellar hemisphere
18. Aqueduct of Sylvius

19. Vermis of cerebellum
20. Tentorium cerebelli
21. Temporal (inferior) horn of lateral ventricle
22. Posterior cerebral a.

23. Superior temporal gyrus
24. Middle cerebral a., brs.
25. Claustrum
26. Red nucleus
27. Globus pallidus
28. Anterior commissure
29. Anterior limb of internal capsule
30. Frontal lobe white matter
31. Frontal (anterior) horn of lateral ventricle
32. Mamillary body

This is a section through the basal ganglia, midbrain, and cerebellum. The three principal basal ganglia, the caudate (4), putamen (5), and globus pallidus (27), are seen. The three nuclei are collectively known as the corpus striatum. The anterior limb of the internal capsule (29) separates the head of the caudate nucleus (4) from the putamen (5). The putamen (5) is lateral and ventral to the head of the caudate (4). The globus pallidus (27) is medial to the putamen (5). Lateral to the putamen is the external capsule (7), claustrum (25), and the extreme capsule (9). The head of the caudate nucleus (4) forms part of the lateral wall of the frontal (anterior) horn of the lateral ventricle (31). In close proximity to the globus pallidus (27) is the anterior commissure (28), an interhemispheric commissural bundle. Ventral to the third ventricle (2) are the mamillary bodies (32) of the hypothalamus. Caudal to the mamillary bodies (32) is the midbrain. Within the midbrain, the following structures are discernible: aqueduct of Sylvius (18), red nucleus (26), substantia nigra (12), and cerebral peduncle (11). The interpeduncular fossa (3) lies on the ventral surface of the midbrain between the two cerebral peduncles (11). Close to the cerebral peduncles (11) is the optic tract (6). In the subarachnoid space around the midbrain are the following arteries: posterior cerebral (22) and superior cerebellar (16). Caudal to the midbrain is the cerebellum with its midline vermis (19) and lateral cerebellar hemispheres (17). The tentorium cerebelli (20) is a dural fold that separates the cerebellum from the occipital cortex. The temporal (inferior) horn of the lateral ventricle (21) is seen with the hippocampus (13) protruding into its medial wall. The hippocampus (13) is continuous with the parahippocampal gyrus (14), which infolds into the temporal (inferior) horn of the lateral ventricle (21) to form the hippocampus (13). The superior temporal gyrus (23) is seen ventral to the lateral (sylvian) fissure (10). Branches of the middle cerebral artery (24) are seen in the lateral (sylvian) fissure (10). The insula (island of Reil) (8) lies in the depth of the lateral (sylvian) fissure (10). In the interhemispheric fissure rostrally, branches of the anterior cerebral artery (1) are seen. Other structures seen in this section are the white matter core of the frontal lobe (30) and lambdoid suture (15) of the calvarium.

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