Anatomy Atlases(tm) : A digital library of anatomy information

Home | About | FAQ | Reviews | Search

Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Microscopic Anatomy: Section 1 - Cells Atlas of Microscopic Anatomy: Section 10 - Digestive System

Plate 10.191 Stomach: Chief and Parietal Cells

Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Paul M. Heidger, Jr., Ph.D.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed

Chief and parietal cells

Plate 10.191 Stomach: Chief and Parietal Cells

Rhesus monkey,
glutaraldehyde-osmium fixation,
toluidine blue stain, 1416 x.


Chief cells: Most numerous of gastric gland cells. Cuboidal or pyramidal in shape. Nucleus in basal half of the cell Rich in cytoplasmic ribonucleic acid. Synthesizes zymogen granules containing pepsinogen.

Parietal cells: Larger than chief cells, oval or polygonal in shape. Nuclei are spherical and centrally located. Cytoplasm is finely granular due to an abundance of mitochondria. Parietal cells secrete the hydrochloric acid of gastric juice and the antipernicious anemia factor.

Note the cytological detail seen in this 1 µm thin section and compare with Plate 5.

Next Page | Previous Page | Section Top | Title Page

Home | About Us | FAQ | Reviews | Contact Us | Search

Anatomy Atlases is curated by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. and Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D.

Please send us comments by filling out our Comment Form.

All contents copyright © 1995-2018 the Author(s) and Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. All rights reserved.

"Anatomy Atlases", the Anatomy Atlases logo, and "A digital library of anatomy information" are all Trademarks of Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D.

Anatomy Atlases is funded in whole by Michael P. D'Alessandro, M.D. Advertising is not accepted.

Your personal information remains confidential and is not sold, leased, or given to any third party be they reliable or not.

The information contained in Anatomy Atlases is not a substitute for the medical care and advice of your physician. There may be variations in treatment that your physician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.