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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Microscopic Anatomy: Section 1 - Cells Atlas of Microscopic Anatomy: Section 10 - Digestive System

Table 10 - Argentaffin Cells

Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Paul M. Heidger, Jr., Ph.D.
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed


Cell

Location

Product

Function

D

Stomach, jejunum, ileum, colon

Somatostatin

Inhibition of other endocrine glands

D1

Stomach, jejunum, ileum, colon

Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide

Increases intestinal motility, ion, and water secretion

EC

Stomach, jejunum, appendix

Serotonin, substance P

Increased intestinal activity

ECL

Stomach

Histamine

Vasodilator, gastric secretion

G

Stomach, duodenum

Gastrin

Stimulates gastric secretion, neurotransmitter

GRP

GI System

Gastrin-releasing peptide

Releases gastrin

I

Jejunum, ileum

Cholecystokinin

Pancreatic exocrine secretion, gallbladder contraction

K

Jejunum, ileum

Gastrin, inhibitory peptide

Inhibits gastric acid secretion

L

Jejunum, ileum, colon

Glucagon-like

Hepatic glycogenolysis substances

Mo

Jejunum, ileum

Motilin

Increases gut motility

N

Ileum

Neurotensin

Myenteric plexus transmitter

P

Stomach, jejunum

Unknown

Unknown

PP

Stomach, colon

Pancreatic polypeptide

Pancreatic exocrine secretion

S

Jejunum, ilium

Secretin

Pancreatic and bile secretion

TG

Jejunum

C-terminal
gastrin
immunoreactivity

Neurotransmitter

X

Stomach

Unknown

Unknown

Some names associated with the digestive system follow: von Ebner was a nineteenth-century Vienna histologist; Paneth, a nineteenth-century German physician; Lieberkühn, an eighteenth -century German anatomist; Brunner, a seventeen th-cen tury Swiss anatomist; Meissner, a nineteenth-century German anatomist, Auerbach, a nineteenth-century German anatomist; Glisson, a seventeenth -century English anatomist; von Kupffer, a nineteenth-century German anatomist; Schiff, a twentieth-century German chemist working in Florence, and Zenker, a nineteenth-century German pathologist.

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