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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Human Anatomy: Plate 5: Figure 3

Atlas of Human Anatomy

The left scapula, from its posterior or outer surface.

Translated by: Ronald A. Bergman, PhD and Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


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The left scapula, from its posterior or outer surface

a) Supraspinous fossa (origin for the supraspinous muscle).
b) Infraspinous fossa (origin for the infraspinous muscle).
c) Scapular spine with its superior and inferior lip (insertion for mm trapezius and deltoideus).
d) Acromion (insertion for mm trapezius and deltoideus).
e) Glenoid surface (acromial clavicular extremity).
f) Coracoid process (insertion for ligaments trapezoideum, conoidium, and coraco-acromial; mm pectoralis minor, coracobrachialis, and short head of biceps brachii).
g) Scapular notch (ligamentum transversum forms a foramenfor the suprascapular artery and vein and suprascapular nerve).
h) Superior margin, upper edge (origin for m omohyoideus).
i) Superior angle (insertion for m levator [anguli] scapulae).
k) Posterior scapular margin, with lateral and medial lip (insertion for mm rhomboideus minor and levator scapulae).
l) Inferior angle (occasional origin of latissimus dorsi).
m) Lateral margin (origin for mm teres major and minor and triceps).
n) Scapular condyle s. anterior angle.
o) Neck with the notch of the scapular neck.
p) Glenoid cavity, for the humeral head.

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