a) Inferior wall of the thorax.
b) Sternal xiphoid process.
c) Opened abdominal wall (mm. obliqui and m. transverses abdominis are seen).
d) Pubic symphysis.
e) Pubic bone, horizontal ramus.
f) Lumbar vertebra.
g) Sacral bone.
i) Iliac crest.
diaphragm, costal part (muscular).
diaphragm, central tendon (s. speculum Helmontii diaphragmatis).
diaphragm, lumbar part, medial cruz (leg).
diaphragm, lumbar part, middle cruz
diaphragm, lumbar part, lateral cruz (Passing between the lateral and middle
crus, sympathetic nerves, vena azygos, linkage with the vena hemiazygos; between
the medial and middle cruz, the greater splanchnic passes as well as links
of vena hemiazygos, and the lesser splanchnic nerve pierces the middle cruz).
foramen quadratum (for the vena cava).
foramen esophageum (for the esophagus and vagal nerves).
Aortic hiatus (for the aorta, thoracic duct, and occasionally vena azygos
m. psoas major.
m. psoas minor.
m. quadratus lumborum.
m. transverses abdominis (with fascia transversa).
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