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Anatomy Atlases: Atlas of Human Anatomy: Plate 25: Figure 3

Atlas of Human Anatomy

Deep nerves of the head and neck (left side).

Translated by: Ronald A. Bergman, PhD and Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


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Deep nerves of the head and neck (left side)

a) Frontal bone.
b) Skin of the forehead and upper eyelid.
c) Bulbus oculi.
d) Maxillary sinus membrane.
e) Mandible.
f) pterygoid process.
g) Greater wing of the sphenoid bone.
h) m. Internal pterygoid.
i) tympanic membrane.
k) m. stylohyoideus.
l) m. stylohyoideus (s. digastricus).
m) m. sternohyoideus.
n) m. omohyoideus.
o) m. sternothyroideus.
p) m. hyothyroideus.
q) m. mylohyoideus.
r) m. sternocleidomastoideus.
s) m. trapezius (s. cucullaris).
t) m. splenius capitis.
u) m. levator anguli scapulae.
v) thyroid gland.

  1. internal jugular vein.
  2. common carotid artery.
  3. superior thyroid artery.
  4. facial artery (s. external maxillary artery).
  5. maxillary artery (s. internal maxillary artery).
  6. inferior alveolar artery.
  7. posterior superior alveolar artery.
  8. middle meningeal artery.
  9. infraorbital artery.
  10. anterior alveolar artery.
  11. supraorbital artery and supraorbital nerve.
  12. optic nerve.
  13. oculomotor nerve.
  14. trochlear nerve.
  15. trigeminal nerve.
  16. trigeminal ganglion (semilunar or Gasserian).
  17. trigeminal nerve, ramus 1 (V-1, ophthalmic division).
  18. trigeminal nerve, ramus 2 (V-2, maxillary division).
  19. trigeminal nerve, ramus 3 (V-3, mandibular division).
  20. frontal nerve.
  21. lacrymal nerve.
  22. lacrymal nerve, medial ramus.
  23. lacrymal nerve, lateral ramus.
  24. cutaneous nerve of the cheek.
  25. ethmoidal nerve.
  26. infraorbital nerve.
  27. alveolar nerve (s. dentalis posterior).
  28. middle alveolar nerve.
  29. anterior alveolar nerve.
  30. superior dental plexus.
  31. lingual nerve.
  32. inferior alveolar nerve.
  33. otic ganglion and anterior auricular nerve.
  34. connection between the otic ganglion and tympanic nerve (from the petrosal ganglion).
  35. facial nerve.
  36. facial nerve gangilion (geniculate ganglion).
  37. chorda tympani.
  38. superficial vidian nerver (nerve of the Pterygoid canal).
  39. nerve to m. stylohyoideus (s. m. digastricus).
  40. hypoglossal nerve.
  41. vagus nerve.
  42. superior laryngeal nerve.
  43. hypoglossal nerve.
  44. descending ramus of hypoglossal nerve.
  45. cutaneous nerve of the neck.
  46. supraclavicular nerve (anterior, middle and posterior).
  47. cervical plexus (composed of anterior rami of the upper four nerves of the neck).
  48. great auricular nerve.
  49. lesser occipital nerve.
  50. greater occipital nerve.
  51. accessory nerve (accessories of Willisii).
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