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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax: Anterior Jugular

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Veins: Head, Neck, and Thorax

Anterior Jugular

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The anterior jugular may exist as two parallel vessels, one opening into the transverse cervical vein and one into the external jugular. The two anterior jugular veins are also sometimes present , with one median vessel opening into the external jugular and the other into the subclavian vein.

An anterior jugular vein (and/or a thyroid ima artery) may have a midline course on the trachea and this must not be forgotten when tracheotomy is to be performed.

Tracheostomy


References

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed.,The Blakiston Division, McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.

Bergman, R.A., Thompson, S.A., Afifi, A.K. and F.A. Saadeh. (1988) Compendium of Human Anatomic Variation: Catalog, Atlas and World Literature. Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore and Munich.

Broca, -. (1850) Lésion inevitable dans l'operation de la trachéotomie. Bulletins et Mem. de la Société Anatomique de Paris Ann. XXV(3) (1850):84.

Bruno, G. (1924) Ricerche col metodo statistico sella morfogia delle vene della faccia e del collo nell'Uomo. Arch Ital. Anat. Embriol. 21:273-293.

Demarquay, (1844) Anomalie veineuse; Les veines jugulaires antérieure et les jugulaires externs. Trachéotomie. Bull. et Mém. de la Soc. Anatomique de Paris XIX(3):78.

Duval, -. (1891) Veines jugulaires superficielles anormales. Bull. et Mém. de la Soc. Anatomique de Paris5:222-223.

Gruber, W. (1872) Anomalie der Vena jugularis anterior. Arch. f. Pathologische Anatomie u. Physiol. u. f. Klinische Medicin 45(2):187.

Gruber, W. (1872) Anomalie der Vena jugularis anterior. Arch. Pathol. Anat. Physiol. Klin. Med. 54:188.

Hallett, C.H. (1848) General remarks on anomalie of the venous system. The Medical Times. 17:50-76.

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. Von Freidrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traite d'Anatomie Humaine, 9th ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Schaefer, E.A., Symington, J. and T.H. Bryce, Eds. (1915) Quain's Anatomy, 11th ed., Longmans, Green, and Co., London.

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