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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: I: Ischiocavernosus

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles: I

Ischiocavernosus

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
This muscle is obviously larger in the male. Some of the more anterior fiber bundles may extend to the dorsal surface of the penis and form a pubocavernosus (or levator penis) muscle.

A compressor venae dorsalis has been described, composed of a few fascicles that arise from the sheath of the corpus cavernosum urethrae and from the median raphe, and unite with those of the opposite side by a tendon that passes over the dorsal vein.


References

Houston, -. (1831) Two newly-discovered muscles for compressing the dorsal vein of the penis of man and other animals. Am. J. Med. Sci. 8:477-478.

Macalister, A. (1875) Observations on muscular anomalies in the human anatomy. Third series with a catalogue of the principal muscular variations hitherto published. Trans. Roy. Irish Acad. Sci. 25:1-130.

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