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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Cervical Spinal Nerves: Second Cervical Nerve

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Cervical Spinal Nerves

Second Cervical Nerve

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed


The greater occipital branch of the second cervical nerve has been reported to send a branch to the auricle.

The greater and lesser occipital nerves complement each other, with each one compensating for any deficiency in the nerve supply of each other.

The external (lateral) branch of the second cervical nerve may have a cutaneous branch in addition to its usual muscular branches; it may also supply the suboccipital superior oblique muscle in addition to its usual supply to the semispinalis cervicis, inferior oblique, semispinalis cervicic, and multifidus spinae muscles. (See also Vagus (CN X) and Hypoglossal (CNXII) Nerves).

Image 30


References

Anson, B.J., Ed. (1966) Morris' Human Anatomy, 12th ed., The Blakiston Division, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Henle, J. (1868) Handbuch der Systematischen Anatomie des Menschen. von Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig.

Huber, G.C., Ed. (1930) Piersol's Human Anatomie, 9th ed., L.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia.

Kopsch, F. (1908) Rauber's Lehrbuch der Anatomie des Menschen., Georg Thieme, Leipzig.

Langsam, C.L.M. (1941) Omohyoideus in American Whites and Negroes. Am. J. Phys. Anthrop. 28:249-259.

Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traité d'Anatomie Humaine., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Oberländer, W. (1975) Beobachtung eines sensiblen Astes aus dem Ramus dorsalis des I. Cervicalsegmentes. Anat. Anz. 138:26-28.

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