Ronald A. Bergman, Ph.D., Adel K. Afifi, M.D., Paul M. Heidger,
Peer Review Status: Externally Peer Reviewed
Human, Müller's fluid, carmine stain, 612 x.
Molecular layer: Most superficial layer of the cerebellum. It is sparsely cellular and is largely synaptic.
Stellate cells: Sparsely scattered in the molecular layer. Usually small cells with short dendrites and fine unmyelinated axons that run horizontally. Larger stellate cells in the vicinity of Purkinje cells are known as basket cells.
Purkinje layer: Single row of large flask-like cell bodies situated between the molecular and granule cell layers.
Purkinje cell: These cells are flask-shaped. Each cell gives off two or three main dendrites, which arborize richly in the molecular layer. Their axons pass through the granule layer and enter the medullary core. They project upon deep cerebellar nuclei or on extracerebellar (vestibular) targets.
Purkinje, 1787- 1869, was a Bohemian anatomist and physiologist.
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