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Anatomy Atlases: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Sympathetic Division: Cardiac Plexus

Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus III: Nervous System: Sympathetic Division

Cardiac Plexus

Ronald A. Bergman, PhD
Adel K. Afifi, MD, MS
Ryosuke Miyauchi, MD

Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed

The nerves that supply the heart usually converge anteriorly toward the lower part of the trachea but may be followed separately to the heart. Cardiac ganglia, varying in size and number, may occur along the cervicothoracic nerves that supply the aorta, pulmonary trunk, and arteries as well as the heart.

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Latarjet, A. (1948) Testut's Traité d'Anatomie Humain, 9th ed., G. Doin & Cie., Paris.

Mizeres, N.J. (1963) The cardiac plexus in man. Am. J. Anat. 112:141-151.

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Smith, R.B. (1971) The occurrence and location of intrinsic cardiac ganglia and nerve plexuses in the human neonate. Anat. Rec. 169:33-40.

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